3 Feb
2019
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Art, Science, and Open House at RINHS

“Shoreline #12, Sand Bar”, by Mandy Howe

When the Rhode Island Natural History Survey (RINHS) held its annual open house at URI’s East Farm last week, there was the usual chatter: how the latest scientific paper was coming along, what new discoveries had been made in the natural world. But what drew the most attention from the crowd wasn’t the skulls or the turtle shells on display in a glass case. It was the art.

At first, this may seem an incongruity: why would a gathering of scientists, naturalists, and passionate amateurs be spending their time examining a painting the same way they would examine a Wood frog? Executive Director David Gregg has an explanation: “All of the great science expedition leaders – Charles Darwin, James Cook, Alexander von Humboldt – had artists aboard, so explorers have had artists along right from the beginning.” They call the exhibition of art hanging in their headquarters “Artists on Expeditions”, an informal name they’ve given the groups of artists who participate in BioBlitz each year. (BioBlitz is an annual event that draws several hundred people to one location in order to catalogue as many living species as they can within 24 hours.)  There are many pieces on display depicting moths, flowering plants, birds, dragonflies, landscapes, and a host of other observations from the natural world. Tonight, there are a few artists mixed in with the scientists. There is also at least one who is a mixture of both.

Two of Aya Rothwell’s comic books.

Aya Rothwell has just graduated with a Master of Science in conservation biology. She’s also an artist and a comic book creator, and she sees art and science going together well. “I took a course in botany, and later I found some cinnamon ferns that I decided to paint. As I was painting, I was able to recall different parts of the plant. I was also sure to place a bird species known to feed on the plant in the picture as well.”

Another of her paintings shows a Blue Jay eating acorns. “That’s pretty important, I want people to know about the fact that they eat acorns. I found that out when I was researching the bird. Now I paint them and think, ‘I know you helped spread oak trees after the last ice age.’ Painting (natural subjects) makes people more connected to them.” Also a comic book artist, Rothwell has incorporated her science background into her work, including creating one on ticks and another on bees.  “I’m hoping to do both biology and art for a really long time, because they both make me happy.”

Blue Dragonfly by Ann E. Bianchi.

That’s not to say that inviting artists to participate in scientifically oriented activities is always well received. RINHS is one of few natural history organizations that conducts outreach to artists, according to Gregg. “To some extent we’ve encountered skepticism among ‘hard scientists’ kind of looking down their nose (at the ‘citizen science’ approach to BioBlitz) and saying, ‘Well, it’s not controlled’, or ‘not an experiment’ or ‘statistical significance is poor’. We’ve gotten some skepticism from scientists, but a lot of excitement among artists. Natural historians have more in common with artists now than with laboratory scientists. And there are a lot of other ways of getting useful information out of an experience of nature than measuring the statistical significance of the molecules in a cricket’s knee. That’s useful, I’m sure, if you’re going to develop a cancer cure, but there are a lot of things that would be useful to know about the world that you’re not going to get that way.

“Two years ago, an artist did an ink drawing of four baby turtles. It was a quick sketch of the four turtles swimming around in an aquarium, and it captures more information about the way they swim than any other source that I’ve seen. You could take a picture of the turtles, you could put a gyroscope on them to measure the way they move, but you could never depict the way the sort of topsy-turvy way they swim better than those four drawings.”

Red Admiral Butterfly by Jennifer Stone Gaines.

But in a world where everyone carries a camera in their pocket, surely photography should replace paint? Frances Topping has spent 20 years painting natural science topics and is active in the Guild of Natural Science Illustration and the New England Society of Botanical Artists, among others. She acknowledges the value of photography, but points to something more within painting. “Photographs show one instance of one thing in one type of light, and they’re not necessarily a full picture of the subject. When you draw something, you’re seeing it in 3D, and you understand how it grows, how it’s put together, how it lives. I think art can tell that story better than a photograph.

Watercolor by Frances Topping.

“Doing art is important. For the artist, they’re taking time to observe, and internalize and learn more about the thing. It also brings the subject to the forefront for other people who are not as aware. They may see a growth as ‘the green trees.’ But art can bring home the process of the living organism.

“I liken it to going to a party. At first, it’s just a mass of people, and you don’t know any of them. Then you get to talk to somebody, and you learn a little bit about them, and maybe you learn their name. Then maybe somebody later mentions them, and you say, ‘Oh yes, I know that person’, and then you recognize them the next time you see them, and you’ve got something to hang it on. It’s the same thing with plants and birds. When you start to know them more individually, they have an importance. Arts help people to become aware.”

Helping people become aware of the natural world is how David Gregg sees the mission of RINHS as well. “The times are so urgent that we must improve the number of people we engage with, so we get as many eyes observing the changes in the world as possible. So why not try all those different ways? At this point, we’ve gotta really up the game of humanity.”

 

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